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the journal of major john andré

At night General Grant returned to camp. 20th 5, 10, 27, 40, 55, Major General Grant, Third Brigade The whole of the cattle which the troops had procured was stopped at the bridge and delivered to the commissary, to the great disappointment of many people. MAJORJOHN ANDRE AND THE THREE CAPTORS: CLASS DYNAMICS AND REVOLUTIONARY MEMORY WARS IN THE EARLY REPUBLIC, 1780-1831 Robert E. Cray, Jr The capture of Major John Andre on September 23, 1780, in Westchester County, New York, uncovered the treachery of Benedict Arnold and saved the revolutionary cause from harm. 25th The favorite of his commanders, a trusted staffofficer, advancing easily along the road of promotion, beloved among his fellows, popular in Society, he passes suddenly out of the sunshine of a young prosperity into the darkness of a desperate enterprise, becomes the paymaster of treason, a disguised fugitive, a prisoner, a convicted spy, and dies at last by the hangman's hands. 4 vessels with several boats taken or destroyed; a salt-work destroyed. Brought away by the galley, two sloops and a schooner, one loaded with staves, &c. Burnt one sloop in Old Town Harbor, Martha's Vineyard; burnt by the Scorpion, a brig, 150 ton, a schooner 70 ton, a sloop and 23 whaleboats taken or detroyed; a quantity of plank brought off at Holmes Hole. The Light Infantry were advanced about 4 miles in front towards the head of Elk, and the rest of the Army hutted in a direction parallel with the river. Major General Vaughan proceeded to Amboy, escorted by Koehler's Battalion. 31st The 15th and 64th regiments took post at Concord. Several regiments from Amboy and Bonham Town joined the Army at Brunswick, and encamped on the heights above the town and bridges. I enjoyed his crisp, orderly, and factual account. Deserters continued coming in; they related that on the 28th Major Washington fired a feu de joie and administered rum to his army, on account of a victory gained over General Burgoyne. The Army marched in two columns under Lord Cornwallis and General Knyphausen. In the evening of the 4th instant the fleet with a detachment under my command sailed from New London and stood to the eastward with a very favorable wind. 13th and 14th According to Tallmadge's account of the events, he and André conversed during the latter's captivity and transport. They professed the most peaceable dispositions and the utmost readiness to comply with the General's requisitions. The Hessian transports, coming up to Amboy at the same time, might well seemed destined to receive Troops on board. General Knyphausen marched from Freehold at 4. ETC. 5 – Major John André Monument – Tappan, NY . There was an error retrieving your Wish Lists. Well… not entirely. Near 200 must have been killed, and a great number wounded. The chief produce is orchard fruit and Indian corn; the latter of the most luxuriant growth, often from ten to fifteen feet in height. A great part of the cattle had been driven away. Lieutenant-Colonel Stirling marched from Germantown with the 10th and 42nd Regiments, in order to take possession of some rebel works at Billingsport below Mud Island, on the Jersey shore of Delaware. Top subscription boxes – right to your door, A Journal of the Operations of the Queen's Rangers from the End of the Year 1777: to the Conclusion…, © 1996-2021,, Inc. or its affiliates. December 3rd, A fascinating, though cryptic account of the day-to-day accounting of the most prominent British Commanders and the results of their activities. Lord Howe told Captain Fanshaw that he would remain off Block Island until he heard the issue of of our expedition. From several concurring testimonies there was little doubt of Washington having crossed the Delaware and gained Princeton or Cranberry. The front soon reached Ash Swamp, where they came up with a considerable body of the Rebels, commanded by Lord Stirling, who had taken post on the rising ground, in order (it was supposed) to cover the retreat of about seventy wagons, which they had begun to draw off on the news of our approach, and the hindermost of which were discovered by the head of the Column. Orders were given for the Second Division to march. Apollo Captain Fanshaw went on board Lord Howe's ship. Prime members enjoy FREE Delivery and exclusive access to music, movies, TV shows, original audio series, and Kindle books. The Army remained at Norrington. From the Orders it appeared that the First Division was to form in column of march on the Princeton Road at 11 o'clock in the evening, but with respect to the Second Division, altho' it was expressed they were to strike tents, no place of rendezvous was appointed, nor were they directed to form in column, tho' the order of march was given. Lord Cornwallis marched two hours after, up the Kloster Road, with the 1st grenadiers, the guards, and 42nd and 37th regiments. With respect to provisions, the army was singularly situated; they were brought once or twice by land from Chester; since that we received them by stealth at night, the flat boats bringing them past the fort; the boats had never yet been insulted. Reviewed in the United States on September 24, 2019. 19th The others were brought up the Schuylkill to Province Island Ferry. 7th The fleet remained at an anchor the whole morning. The light infantry then fell back and the 40th regiment, under lieutenant-colonel Musgrave, threw themselves into a house from the avenues to which they had driven the rebels. When asked the question directly, Andre, unaware of the letters, said: 8th Transports for the troops, with 2 or 3 frigates, lay at this time at Whitestone, 3 miles beyond Flushing. 12th 10th A bridge of boats was thrown across the gap in the isthmus, which till lately had connected Sandy Hook with the main, and the troops were marched into the hook and embarked on board transports. General Grey advancing received certain intelligence of the situation of the dragoons, a whole regiment of which lay at Old Tappan, ten miles from Newbridge. Captain Fanshaw wishes generally throughout the course of service on which the fleet is employed, to have it understood that he has not an opinion to offer on the propriety of any movement; but will always endeavor to promote whatever may be required for the King's service. A schooner which was coming up at the same time also struck, but as we were not able to take possession of her, she got off in the night. General Greene is president of the courts-martial trial for captured spy, Major John André. 19th LENGTH. The light dragoons who deserted from the rebels solder their horses by auction at a very advanced price. 27th General Grey's detachment marched at 10 o'clock at night, that under colonel Musgrave at 11. A troop of Light Dragoons pursued the fugitives and took about thirty prisoners, killing or wounding several more. General Knyphausen posted himself early in the day on the heights opposite the Rebel Army. General Leslie with the 5th brigade masked the Bordentown Road when the column turned off at the Rising Sun. The light infantry and chasseurs inclined to the left, and by this means left an interval which was filled up by part of the 4th Brigade. The deserters were restored and the militia officers and committeemen released, with a solemn injunction to abstain from taking part any more in the war or persecuting others fro their political opinions; they were also bound to assist the King's ships with water or provisions whenever they should call upon them to do it. At 10 in the evening the remainder of the troops marched to the heights. etc. The Diligent was standing out as we came near the mouth of the harbor. A good many people came in from Philadelphia; most of them represented that place as in the greatest confusion and expressed fears of its being burnt. There is a pleasant tinge of romance about the man himself, for he was young, handsome, and possessed of many accomplishments, clever, agreeable, popular and the hero of a love-affair which has crept into a corner of English literature with enough sentiment and controversy attached to it to interest curiosity, and perhaps to touch the heart of succeeding generations. Chambers 1st Battalion, The Army lay on their arms, on the Brunswick and Woodbridge Roads. The Army marched in two columns to Germantown, and encamped on the heights near that place. At Crosswicks a piquet of the enemy fired at the head of the column, and retired to join a body on the other side of the creek (Crosswicks Creek) the bridge over which they hastily destroyed. John André was the “enemy” against whom the rebel light horse fought. Foraging. The army lay at Chestnut Hill. late Adjutant General of the British forces in America from Walker's Hibernian magazine, 1780 LOC id: cph 3a45405. The design, it seemed was that General Knyphausen, taking post at Chad's Ford, should begin early to cannonade the Enemy on the opposite side, thereby to take up his attention and make him presume an attack was then intended with the whole Army, whilst the other column should be performing the detour. The fleet got under way at one o'clock in the morning, and half an hour after two in the afternoon arrived in Rhode Island Harbor. At the close of 1776, as part of a prisoner exchange, Andre was returned to Howe, now wintering in New York. The Rose and Raven with a considerable number of sloops and schooners joined us; their destination was Rhode Island, but fear of falling in with the French, they had put into Huntingdon Bay. Himself and three or four of his own were wounded, but all brought off. John André, Washington Library Digital Encyclopedia. They had, however, to the number of 200, escaped an hour or two before and the troops could only kill or secure a few fugitives of a rear guard. Battalion of Anspach General Grey visited Philadelphia. A captain of Simco's was dangerously wounded. The foraging having been completed and cattle collected, the troops hutted their position between Hudson's and Hackensack River, and marched on the 14th to Bergen, and on the 15th crossed from Forbes Hook (*Paulus Hook NJ) to their former positions on York Island, Long Island and Staten Island. Several, not only of their soldiers but officers, were intoxicated when they fell into our hands. The 44th under Colonel Donkin, marched towards the southeast of the island. Experiment 50 Hessian Grenadiers The militia, of which there were skulking parties about the right of our encampment, wounded three of four men and two officers of Wemy's Corps. More ways to shop: Find an Apple Store or other retailer near you. Made Cape Henlopen; stood off the whole night. We supposed the rebels to have lost between 200 and 300 killed, with the proportion of wounded. There was some firing from the Rebel gondolas near Mud Island. 28th There were no militia at Ellis's Tavern nor was any one to be seen on the road, but a few affrighted peopled who probably had not had time to make their escape, and three or four people on horseback, who retired before us and stopped at every rising ground to see if the troops continued advancing; some had arms, but they did not appear accoutred as Light Dragoons. Only five or six of the rebel dead were found on the field; amongst these was a major. In October 1780, after Andre’s arrest, Lee and John Graves Simcoe, Andre’s comrade (later Governor of Upper Canada), expressed in correspondence the conviction that Andre would be freed in an exchange of prisoners. A sergeant and six light dragoons and a few grenadiers of the guards were taken by a party of the rebel cavalry. They soon dislodged the enemy from it, and drove them as far as they had strength to pursue. General Grey came to New York. That day the camp equipages, excepting the bell tents, was sent on board the transports at the head of Elk, and form henceforward all communication with the shipping ceased. Large bodies of the enemy were seen on the opposite shore; they frequently fired on our sentries. That column had with them the provision train, pontoons and part of artillery. General Grey marched with six battalions and took position about 3 miles from Derby in order to bring away some forage. After viewing product detail pages, look here to find an easy way to navigate back to pages you are interested in. Major Washington was said to be at Pottsgrove. The crew of a four oar boat who landed this morning on the East shore of Elk, were surprised and their boats taken. The women who had followed the Army were sent back to Brunswick. They disposed of themselves amongst some trees by the roadside, and gave a heavy fire as our troops advanced, but upon being pressed ran away and were pursued above two miles. Something went wrong. Major John André (1750-1780) was a British officer during the American Revolutionary War. Before daybreak, General Grant with the 1st and 2nd brigade and the Hessian Grenadiers marched in different columns to Glocester Point, where he crossed the Delaware in flat boats. Upon the march our dragoons gave chase to a party of the Rebel Cavalry, but could not come up with them. Several papers were found warning us to beware of being Burgoyned. St. Albans 64 14th Two Sergeants of the Light Dragoons and one trooper were either killed or taken prisoner this morning. The men are examining papers concerning the capture of West Point which André had hidden in his boot. The Army was under arms at 4 o'clock in the morning, and marched soon after through Slab Town to the Black Horse. They joined Lord Cornwallis near the White Horse on the Lancaster Road. From the Journal of Captain John Peebles written on October 6, 1780 describing the death of André. Roebuck 44 2, 1780) was a British intelligence officer during the American Revolution.In 1779, he assumed oversight of secret intelligence for the British army and opened contact with American traitor Maj. Gen. Benedict Arnold.Andre was later captured, convicted, and hanged as … Wind unfavorable for Nantucket. Before it could be carried out, however, minutemen captured John André and informed General George Washington of the plot. At about 4 o'clock the attack began near the Meeting House. The whole sailed. 23rd General Grey's proposal to Captain Fanshaw was in the following words: "Major-General Grey proposes to Captain Fanshaw that whilst part of the troops and ships are employed in destroying the rebel vessels which may be found at Falmouth, Barker's Harbor and Wood's Hole Harbor and in procuring the necessary refreshments from Martha's Vineyard, that a body of troops with such of the Men-of-War and galleys as he shall think proper, be detached without delay to Nantucket Island, which is one of the most noted resorts of privateers in America, the destruction of which must be thought of infinite service. 25th On the other hand, by not firing we knew the foe to be wherever fire appeared and a charge ensured his destruction; that amongst the enemy those in the rear would direct their fire against whoever fired in front, and they would destroy each other. The 1st, 2nd, 5th, and Stirn's brigade were sent forward to occupy the heights of Neversink, and the baggage received orders to follow. During the cannonade four fire-ships were sent down amongst the fleet, but burnt to the water's edge without doing any mischief. On this march we passed over the ground thru which the rebels had gone very recently.

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